Freeland say lifting U.S. tariffs is part of ratification of the new NAFTA
|Toronto Star 03 Apr 2019 at 14:33|
OTTAWAâForeign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland is linking the lifting of âabsurdâ U.S. tariffs on Canadian and Mexican steel to the ratification of the new North American free-trade deal.
Dealing with the tariffs â imposed by President Donald Trump under a controversial national-security provision of U.S. law â is a key part of the ratification process, Freeland said Wednesday.
Freeland says sheâs heartened by the recent comments of American lawmakers who say the new trilateral trade agreement canât be ratified with the âSection 232â tariffs in place.
âI am very glad to be hearing both in private meetings and in public statements from a number of U.S. senators, members of Congress, that they share Canadaâs view that the 232 tariffs should be lifted,â the minister said in Ottawa before departing for a NATO summit in Washington where she was expected to press the issue further.
âAnd that very much needs to be a part of the NAFTA ratification process.â
In a Twitter posting early this week, an influential Republican senator from Iowa called for an end to the sanctions.
Freeland says tariffs raise âserious questionsâ about NAFTA after meetings in DC
âIâm calling on the Administration â specifically, President Trump â to promptly remove Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminium imports from Canada and Mexico. This will help clear the path for the U.S.M.C.A. agreement,â wrote Sen. Chuck Grassley, the chair of the Senate Finance Committee, who was using the American acronym for the new agreement.
Section 232 of the United Statesâs Trade Expansion Act lets the president impose duties on imported goods if the imports threaten U.S. national security. Trump asserted that the U.S. needs a domestic metals industry for national-security reasons, so imports of steel and aluminium are a danger.
Freelandâs remarks indicate an evolution in Canadaâs position on the sanctions and the acrimonious three-country renegotiation of NAFTA. She has previously said that two were separate issues that could not be linked, even though Trumpâs Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said the tariffs were actually imposed because of what the Americans viewed as the slow pace of the talks last spring.
Canada has imposed more than $16 billion in retaliatory tariffs on U.S. products, a list that Freeland said is constantly being examined so that they will have âthe greatest impactâ on American consumers. She said Canada has been consulting on retaliation strategies with Mexico and the European Union, which was also hit by the 232 tariffs.
âOur government feels very strongly â and indeed I think all Canadians feel very strongly â that the 232 steel and aluminium tariffs were illegal, unjustified and frankly absurd in the first place,â said Freeland.
âNow that we have actually concluded our negotiations on a modernized NAFTA there is all the more reason for those tariffs to be lifted.â
Freeland travelled to Washington later Wednesday for a meeting of NATO foreign ministers to mark the 70th anniversary of the transatlantic military alliance. Her first meeting was with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and senior officials said she intended to press for the lifting of the tariffs in that meeting.
With the clock ticking in Canadaâs Parliament towards a June ratification deadline, before a summer break that probably wonât end until after the election due in October, Freeland remained non-committal Wednesday about moving forward on the necessary legislation with the tariffs still in place.
Some leading U.S. Democrats in Congress say they wonât approve the new trade agreement unless it is strengthened to force Mexico to adhere to tougher labour standards that elevate the rights of workers and their unions.
Mexico says it will introduce labour-reform legislation in its Congress before it rises on April 30.
Freeland wouldnât say whether that would be enough for the Canadian government to move ahead with ratification in Parliament.