Purple heroin laced with carfentanil prompts warning from Vancouver health officials
|globalnews.ca 22 Mar 2019 at 22:23|
The arrival of a colourful â and deadly â drug on the streets of the Lower Mainland is being linked to a rise in overdoses, and has health officials sounding an alarm.
Several samples of pink or purple heroin have been sent to Health Canadaâs labs for testing after Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH) found them in areas such asÂ Vancouverâs Downtown Eastside.
The drugs have been found to be laced with carfentanil, an opioid thatâs 100 times more toxic than fentanyl â and 10,000 times more toxic than morphine .
Health officials say the presence of carfentanil is a problem, because the test strips currently used at supervised injection sites to spot fentanyl donât detect its more deadly counterpart.
âWeâve always warned people they do not detect everything,â Vancouver Coastal Health medical officer Dr. Mark Lysyshyn said.
âThey donât always react as well as with fentanyl, so when we have a drug like carfentanilâŚ it might be present in even smaller amounts in the drug, meaning we would need an even more sensitive test to detect it.â
The warning comes in the wake of the latest overdose statistics from the BC Coroners Service, which found 13 people died after overdosing on carfentanil in January alone.
Thatâs up from three fatalities the month before, and marks a huge spike from 2018, when 35 people died from carfentanil overdoses in the entire year.
Overall, fatal overdoses from all drugs dropped 22 per cent from 116 in December 2018 to 90 in January. That number also marks a 30-per-cent drop from January 2018.
Many of those deaths and the majority of those throughout B.C.âs opioid crisis happened in private residences, while users were alone.
Lysyshyn said that needs to change âthatâs why health officials like him are trying to spread the message of using with others out to the public.
âWhen people use drugs alone, behind closed doorsâŚ nobody recognizes theyâre having an overdose, and nobody can come and help them with naloxone or call an ambulance.â
Vancouver Coastal Health also promotes overdose awareness and knowledge of how to administer naloxone, including among youth.
Would you recognize if someone was overdosing? Know the signs. More info at https://t.co/8jm2mQGrce pic.twitter.com/oO9aAxz3Qn
The health authority is also promoting its RADAR feature , which allows people to report a bad batch or deadly new drug as soon as it hits the streets and include details of what happened when the user overdosed.
That prompts VCH to send its own alert, warning the public about the drug.
Lysyshyn said in addition to not using alone, users should ask questions as much as possible, especially when testing their drugs.
âJust because you have negative fentanyl test strip, doesnât mean you can use drugs recklessly,â he said.