Ontario passes pot bill 17 hours after marijuana legalized across Canada
|Toronto Star 17 Oct 2018 at 19:01|
Pot smoking is now legal in Ontario anywhere firing up a cigarette is permitted â as long as youâre 19 or older, not toking in a car or a boat or within 20 metres of a playground or school.
Premier Doug Fordâs government passed legislation Wednesday on the sale and use of recreational cannabis.
But the historic vote took place amid concerns there are too few restrictions on where to light up, leaving people vulnerable to second-hand smoke.
âOur number one priority is to make sure our children are safe, make sure we keep it away from schools, and make sure we let municipalities decide if theyâre even going to sell it, where they can smoke it,â the premier said.
The bill passed 17 hours after recreational marijuana became legal across the country at 12:01 a.m., creating a sales frenzy.
Ford joked with New Democrat MPPs during the vote after he pretended to roll a joint with a sheet of office paper.
âYou know exactly what I was doing,â he called across the aisle with a laugh.
The NDP and Liberals voted against Bill 36, with the exception of former Grit cabinet minister Michael Coteau (Don Valley East).
Cities and towns have until Jan. 22 to decide if they will ban privately-run marijuana stores from opening within their boundaries once shops become legal in the province next April.
The government expects as many as 1,000 stores to open after licence applications are screened. Until then, the only legal channel to buy weed is online through the Ontario Cannabis Store.
Municipalities can also pass bylaws limiting where citizens can light up a joint.
Critics said the law sends a âmixed messageâ on intoxicants by allowing users to smoke pot and get high in a park, for example, but not to legally drink a beer there.
âTheyâve opened up a whole other can of worms,â said Green party MPP Mike Schreiner, who voted in favour of the bill despite his concerns because it opens opportunities for entrepreneurs to open marijuana stores.
âI donât want to walk through a park and have my kids smelling pot.â
Aside from cannabis, the law allows displays of vaping products in convenience stores and gas bars, something health groups including the Canadian Cancer Society and Lung Association warned against in public hearings on the bill.
They fear the displays are aimed at luring teens â who cannot legally buy vaping products until the age of 19 â into the smoking habit and argue vaping gear should be shielded from view like cigarettes have been since 2005. Seven other provinces have banned vaping displays.
âThis is absolutely taking the province backward,â New Democrat Leader Andrea Horwath told reporters.
âThis generation of kids canât be the guinea pigs for vaping products,â said Dr. Robert Schwartz, director of the Ontario tobacco research unit at the University of Toronto, noting that flavours of vape juice like âFrosty Sprinklesâ and âSâmoresâ are clearly aimed at kids.
The NDP had also proposed an amendment to the bill allowing a 30-day public comment period on proposed marijuana store locations, instead of 15 days, but that was rejected by the Progressive Conservatives.
Fordâs move to allow privately run stores to open a smaller number of state-run pot shops modelled on the LCBO and keep marijuana smoking off the streets.
Interim Liberal leader John Fraser said the Conservatives â who argued itâs best to sync pot smoking with provisions in the Smoke Free Ontario Act and that a larger number of stores are more likely to curb the black market in weed â have made a âmistakeâ in their approach.
âYou can smoke on a public beach, in a park or on a sidewalk ... it could be close to children,â he added.
âWe have to remember with this big change, we have to respect each otherâs rights. Thatâs why we donât have drinking in public places.â
The law gives the new government the discretion to set a distance that pot shops must be from schools and to limit the number of stores any one operator can open to prevent large cannabis corporations from snagging too much market share.
Schreiner said heâs worried the government wonât follow through on limiting market share because âitâs not explicit in the legislation ... will licences go to the highest bidder?â
Community Safety Minister Michael Tibollo issued a reminder that âthe numerous illegal dispensaries operating in many parts of the province remain illegal.â
Operators of illegal stores that have not shut down will ânever, everâ be cleared to get a sales licence in Ontario, Finance Minister Vic Fedeli said during final debate on the bill.