Philippines recalls its envoys in Canada over tons of rotting garbage
|National Post 16 May 2019 at 07:26|
TORONTO ‚ÄĒ The Philippines recalled its ambassador and consuls to Canada after Ottawa missed a deadline to take back tons of unwanted trash that has been rotting near Manila for nearly six years, the country‚Äôs foreign secretary said Thursday.
The move is the latest escalation in a long-simmering conflict that has weighed heavily on the relationship between the two countries and that has called into question Canada‚Äôs pro-environment reputation and its commitments to international treaties.
‚ÄúAt midnight last night, letters for the recall of our ambassador and consuls to Canada went out,‚ÄĚ Philippine Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr. said in a tweet. ‚ÄúThey are expected here in a day or so.‚ÄĚ
Until the trash is Canada-bound, he added, the Philippines would ‚Äúmaintain a diminished diplomatic presence‚ÄĚ in the country.
The dispute began in 2013, when Chronic Inc., a private Canadian company, shipped more than 100 containers labelled as plastics to the Philippines for recycling. A spot inspection by customs officials found that only about one-third of them were recyclable. The rest were crammed to the brim with household waste, including old wires and soiled, leaking adult diapers.
When Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau visited Manila in 2015, shortly after he took office, he promised a ‚ÄúCanadian solution‚ÄĚ was in the works and that he would make legislative changes to ensure such a thing could not happen again.
Filipino environmental activists hold slogans on May 7, 2015 to protest the waste left behind by Canada. Aaron Favila / Associated Press - file photo
Canada tried to get the Philippines to dispose of the garbage without success. Then, in 2016, a Philippine court ordered Chronic to take the waste back, noting that the country was not a ‚Äútrash bin.‚ÄĚ
Pushed on the garbage issue on another visit to the Philippines in 2017, Trudeau said the ‚Äúlegal barriers and restrictions‚ÄĚ that had prevented Canada from taking back the trash earlier had been addressed, so it was ‚Äútheoretically‚ÄĚ possible for Canada to do something about it.
Instead, the garbage continued to languish at a private landfill near Manila, where it has been reeking ever since, much to the chagrin of environmentalists and public health activists who have often staged protests outside Canada‚Äôs embassy there.
The protracted conflict ratcheted up ‚ÄĒ publicly, at least ‚ÄĒ in recent weeks thanks to a bout of trash talk from Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte.
Last month, he threatened to ‚Äúdeclare war‚ÄĚ on Canada if it did not take back the trash.
‚ÄúI want a boat prepared,‚ÄĚ Duterte said at a news conference, tapping a conference table in frustration, before providing suggestions on what Canada might do with the garbage once it arrives.
‚ÄúPrepare a grand reception,‚ÄĚ he said. ‚ÄúEat it if you want to.‚ÄĚ
Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana later downplayed Duterte‚Äôs war threats, saying the president was using a ‚Äúfigure of speech‚ÄĚ to express his displeasure.
In response to Duterte‚Äôs comments, Canada said it offered to repatriate the waste and that it would front the necessary shipping costs, but that there were still various details to work out.
Last week, Salvador Panelo, a presidential spokesman, said the government of the Philippines had given Canada a May 15 deadline to remove the waste. In a statement, he said that if the Canadians dragged their feet any longer, he would ship the containers and ‚Äúthrow them to the shores or beaches of Canada.‚ÄĚ
But until the tweets Thursday morning, there were few indications that an escalation of this kind was in the cards. At a news conference Wednesday, Panelo told reporters that while there could be a slight delay in Canada taking back its trash, ‚Äúthe important thing is, they are taking it,‚ÄĚ according to Rappler, a Philippine news website.
In a tweet, Locsin Jr. said ‚Äúthe trigger‚ÄĚ for the recalling of the diplomats was news from the Department of Finance that Canadian officials did not show up to a customs meeting.
Global Affairs Canada did not respond to a request for comment.
Canada‚Äôs Environment and Climate Change Ministry said in a statement that Canada ‚Äúremains committed to finalizing arrangements‚ÄĚ for the return of the waste and that it was still resolving ‚Äúoutstanding details, including legal and regulatory issues.‚ÄĚ
Experts say that the dispute has blighted Canada‚Äôs reputation abroad, particularly because Trudeau has said combating climate change and protecting the environment is near the top of his agenda.
Prepare a grand reception... eat if you want to
Environmental groups in Canada and the Philippines say Canada is violating the Basel Convention, an international treaty that outlines rules around the regulation of hazardous materials and waste to prevent developed countries from dumping their trash in developing countries without their consent.
Last month, the Pacific Centre for International Law and Litigation in British Columbia issued a legal opinion that said Canada had violated the convention because it inaccurately described the content of the containers and failed to take them back within 30 days of being notified of their contents.
In January, the EcoWaste coalition, a Philippines-based nonprofit, wrote a letter to Trudeau that noted South Korea had also illegally dumped waste in the Philippines, but that unlike Canada, it had taken some of it back within that same year.
‚ÄúThe stark contrast between South Korea‚Äôs actions and Canada‚Äôs indifference to its dumped waste has captured public attention and stoked anger at what is viewed as both disrespectful and illegal conduct by Canada,‚ÄĚ the letter said.
Tristin Hopper: There are some easy steps that can save you from getting nuked. And spoiler alert, the answer isn‚Äôt crawl inside a fridge
After the surgery, people stopped Maurice on the streets ‚ÄĒ in his rural Quebec village, and in Montreal. Everywhere, people stopped him. It‚Äôs a miracle, they said
It starts with lobsters. You have to understand about the lobsters
Although the show in Chicago was an attempt to de-stigmatize mental illness, there was defiance running through it, a refusal to be defined by the men in her orbit