Hong Kong vigil marks Tiananmen crackdown anniversary
|Toronto Star 04 Jun 2016 at 07:43|
Tens of thousands of people attend a candlelight vigil at Victoria Park in Hong Kong on Saturday to commemorate victims of the 1989 military crackdown in Beijing. China s bloody crackdown on the Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests was a pivotal moment in the country s political development. (Kin Cheung/AP)
By Kelvin ChanAssociated Press
10:50 AM, Sat., June 4, 2016
HONG KONG—Tens of thousands of people poured into Hong Kong’s Victoria Park on Saturday evening to remember the victims of the Chinese military’s bloody June 4, 1989, crackdown on student-led pro-democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.
Participants laid a wreath and held a moment of silence at the annual vigil — the only large-scale public commemoration of Beijing’s brutal crackdown held on Chinese soil.
In Beijing, authorities tightened security around Tiananmen Square, highlighting the enduring sensitivity over the events among the Communist Party leadership.
Hundreds, possibly thousands, of people were killed as tanks and troops converged on Beijing on the night of June 3-4, 1989. The topic remains taboo in China and any form of commemoration, whether public or private, is banned.
Organizers in Hong Kong said 125,000 people attended Saturday evening’s vigil to mark the 27th anniversary of the crackdown. Police did not immediately give a crowd estimate
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Despite the Communist Party s efforts to erase memories of the Tiananmen crackdown, every year its anniversary triggers heightened security and surveillance on the mainland, along with furtive commemorations by a handful of activists. (PAUL YEUNG/REUTERS)
The annual vigil, organized by the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, demands that Beijing overturn its verdict that the Tiananmen protests were a counterrevolutionary riot. It also calls for one-party dictatorship in China to be replaced by democracy.
Hong Kong student groups that have been long-standing supporters of the vigil dropped out this year because of a disagreement over the vigil’s aims. Instead, university and college students were holding discussion forums on the future of Hong Kong on Saturday evening.
The move by the student groups underscores the widening rift that emerged between younger and older generations of pro-democracy activists over the idea of Hong Kong’s identity following 2014 protests over the Chinese government’s decision to restrict elections in the semi-autonomous city.
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It follows the decision in April by student leaders to quit the Hong Kong Alliance because they believe one of its main aims, fighting for democracy in mainland China, is no longer realistic. They also think the vigil’s formulaic format fails to appeal to the younger generation.
Youth carry a wreath during a candlelight vigil to mark the 27th anniversary of the crackdown of pro-democracy movement at Beijing s Tiananmen Square in 1989. (BOBBY YIP/REUTERS)
Lily Wong, a 21-year-old legal assistant, was attending the vigil Saturday evening with her friend Cecilia Ng, 19, a recent high school graduate. They didn’t disagree with some of the criticisms levelled by the student groups, such as the vigil’s repetitive format and that it was dominated by Hong Kong’s main pro-democracy group, but said it remained important.
“This is not a perfect event, but there are some meaningful things for us,” Wong said. “It is very important for Hong Kong.”
Activists demanding Hong Kong independence protest outside a candlelight vigil at Victoria Park in Hong Kong. (BOBBY YIP/REUTERS)
In Taiwan’s capital, Taipei, Wu’er Kaixi, one of the student leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen protests, was among about 200 participants gathered at Liberty Square for a memorial event.
“The spirit of June 4 is an act of courageous humans pursuing the universal value of freedom,” he said. “This spirit will not be crushed under machine-guns and tanks. It will not die because of (the Chinese government’s) suppression.
Ahead of the anniversary, family members of those killed in the crackdown were placed under additional restrictions, either confined to their homes or forced to leave the capital. China’s government has rejected their calls for an independent accounting of the events and those killed and maimed by soldiers.
At least half a dozen people have reportedly been detained in recent days for attempting to commemorate the events, although a small group wearing T-shirts condemning the crackdown converged on the square last Sunday. Among them was former house painter Qi Zhiyong, whose leg was amputated after he was shot by troops.
An activist (in black) demanding Hong Kong independence confronts members from the organizer at the start of a candlelight vigil at Victoria Park. (BOBBY YIP/REUTERS)
In Washington, the U.S. State Department called for a “full public accounting of those killed, detained, or missing and for an end to censorship of discussions about the events of June 4, 1989, as well as an end to harassment and detention of those who wish to peacefully commemorate the anniversary.”
China’s explosive economic growth in the years that followed “proves that the path of socialism with Chinese characters we chose to follow ... is in line with the fundamental interests of the Chinese people, and it represents a wish shared by them all,” Hua told reporters at a daily news briefing.